The Tyne and Wear County

The Lord-Lieutenant is Her Majesty’s personal representative for the five boroughs of Tyne and Wear.

In the past twenty years, Gateshead has undergone an amazing transformation. Gateshead is at the centre of the North East’s regeneration and is home to many cultural, artistic and commercial developments. The Angel of the North, Millennium Bridge, BALTIC, Sage, Gateshead and Gateshead Quays all symbolise the new image of the borough and the wider region.

Iconic buildings are only part of the story – even the landscape itself has changed, transforming contaminated wastelands into areas of beauty, such as Watergate Park and Derwenthaugh Park – once industry hotspots – now home to tourists and newly introduced Red Kites.

Gateshead is a borough of contrasts. It has a large urban hub centred around the main town centre area and has a number of smaller urban centres and busy employment areas such as Blaydon, Whickham, Felling and Birtley. However, over half of Gateshead is made up of countryside with 20 nature reserves and country parks. The population is around 190,000.



Home of the famous Tyne Bridge, St James’s Park and Grey Street – once voted the best street in Britain by Radio 4 listeners.

Loved both by the people who visit it and those who live in it, Newcastle is a city with a friendly up-beat atmosphere that is second to none and recognised the world over as a thriving metropolitan nucleus.

There is always something going on in Newcastle, whether it is at the magnificent Theatre Royal, City Hall or at the many fine bars and restaurants that the city has to offer.

The city is home to two top universities - Newcastle University and the University of Northumbria at Newcastle, bringing together a mix of 280,000 people who call Newcastle home. The city is home to, and attracts, people from all over the world who add to the diverse culture of one of Europe’s top cities.


With a population of 275,000, Sunderland is the largest borough of Tyne and Wear.

Sunderland is a welcoming, bustling city set right on the coast and at the mouth of the River Wear. It boasts wide sandy beaches and acres of relaxing and invigorating green spaces. Culturally its offer includes Sunderland Empire Theatre, National Glass Centre and Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art, while its underground music scene is considered one of the most vibrant in the UK. This proud city by the sea also has a fascinating history, outstanding sporting attractions and a family-friendly programme of events and festivals.

Sunderland is one of the few cities in the UK to have a river, beautiful coastline and two award winning beaches at Roker and Seaburn.

Since the 1980s Sunderland has undergone massive regeneration, particularly in the central business district and the river corridor.


Lying on the North East coastline, South Tyneside boasts some beautiful towns and villages in the country, attracting thousands of people to the area all year round to visit key cultural and historical places such as Arbeia Roman Fort, South Shields Museum, the Customs House, Souter Lighthouse and Marsden Rock.

One of the most magnificent rock formations in Britain, Marsden Rock is renowned for its sea bird colonies. South Tyneside has the smallest population out of the five boroughs of Tyne and Wear, with a population of 148,000.

South Tyneside also has a rich cultural and historic heritage. Celts, Romans, Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Vikings settled here. The early 20th century arrival of Arabic people and more recently the settling of people from the Commonwealth, notably the Indian sub-continent and the European Union, reflect the present-day culture of the borough.


North Tyneside is home to just over 200,000 residents and boasts a wealth of social and cultural activity.

With heavy industry and the famous shipyards gone, focus in North Tyneside is its visitor attractions, such as Blue Reef Aquarium and Segadunum Roman Fort, Baths and Museum, beautiful beaches, like Tynemouth long sands; festivals such as the Mouth of the Tyne Festival and attractive towns with good bars and restaurants, such as Tynemouth.

North Tyneside is steeped in history. The Romans had their fort at the end of Hadrian’s Wall and the dramatic Tynemouth Priory and Castle dominates the headland at the mouth of the river Tyne. The site dates back centuries and is the burial place of saints and kings of the old Kingdom of Northumbria.


Newcastle upon Tyne

North Tyneside





South Tyneside

Tyne and Wear district map

and population size




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